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Tomb of Beni Hassan

Tomb of Beni Hassan (near Minya) — Known as the Tombs of Beni Hassan, this Ancient Egyptian cemetery was used and built for provincial governors during the Middle Kingdom over an older burial site used during the Old Kingdom period. The tombs reflect shifts in political power between the pharaoh and governors. When pharaohs were […]

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Tahrir Square

Tahrir Square — Located in downtown Cairo, Tahrir Square has become synonymous with the 2011 Egyptian Revolution. It is a public square that is dominated by a large traffic circle and surrounded by major public and private buildings such as the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities, the headquarters of the Arab League and the American University […]

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Step Pyramid

Step Pyramid (Saqqara – 30 km south of Cairo) — If you still have energy and time after wandering around Giza, head south to the Saqqara complex, dominated by the Step Pyramid of the 3rd Dynasty King Zoser. Built before the Pyramids of Giza, this Pyramid shows the evolution of design from the single stepped […]

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The Sphinx

The Sphinx (Al Haram, Giza) — The Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are a powerful testament to the ingenuity of the ancient Egyptians. The best time to visit the area is early in the morning. As the day wears on, the crowds increase, especially during Egyptian holidays, as does the chance of being assaulted […]

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Solar Boat Museum

Solar Boat Museum (beside Cheops Pyramid, Al Haram, Giza, Cairo) — Ancient Egyptians used to bury a “solar barge” near the tomb of their pharaoh because they believed that their ruler needed transportation in the afterlife. In 1954, the parts of a cedar-wood barge were found in five pits near the Great Pyramid of Khufu. […]

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Sabil Umm Abbas

Sabil Umm Abbas (Saliba Street at corner of Al-Siufiya, Cairo) — A rather “recent” landmark stands tucked in between the old Mamluk mosques and buildings on Saliba Street in Cairo: it’s Sabil Umm Abbas, a fountain that was built in the mid-19th century by the mother of Abbas II, the last Khedive of Egypt who […]

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Red Pyramid of Dahshur

Red Pyramid of Dahshur (40 minutes driving distance south of Cairo) — Located at a short distance from Saqqara, the Red Pyramid at Dahshur was built for the pharaoh Snefru, father of Khufu for whom the Great Pyramid of Giza was built. The Red Pyramid is the first “true” pyramid and it has the second […]

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Pyramid of Menkaure

Pyramid of Menkaure (Giza plateau, near Cairo) — The “little” Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus), standing a respectable 62 meters (203 feet) high, was unfinished at the time of the King’s death, and completed by his son. The nasty gash on the north face was caused by earlier explorers trying to dynamite through in order to […]

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Pyramid of Khufu

Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops)( Giza Necropolis, Nazlet El-Semman, Al Haram, Giza Plateau, Cairo) — Soaring at nearly 147 meters (482 feet), the massive granite Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), is the largest and the most enigmatic in Egypt. The smooth Tura limestone that once encased the granite structure is no longer intact, and the pyramidion (capstone) […]

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Pyramids of Abu Sir

Pyramids of Abu Sir (Saqqara Road, Abu Sir) — Located between Giza and Saqqara, the pyramids of Abu Sir are part of a 5th dynasty necropolis. Although the pyramids are not well preserved, the whole Abu Sir site is worth a short trip from Cairo. There is a lot to see in Abu Sir, including […]