Metro – Cairo has the first and largest metro train system in the entire African continent. It has two lines (red/line 1 and blue/line 2) which cover a good portion of the city, but not all of it, since its population has spread out over the years. Trains run from South Cairo (Helwan) to North Cairo (Heliopolis), with sublines to Shubra, Ataba, and Abdin. One of the most useful lines is the cross-Nile line from Giza to Shubra. The two stations where passenger can transfer between these lines are “Sadat” and “Martyrs” (formerly known as “Mubarak”). A “green” train line is currently under construction (that will eventually link with Cairo’s international airport).
The Metro is also a hassle-free way to get to Giza to see the Pyramids, although you’ll need to complete the trip taking a bus all the way (change to bus for “Al-Haram” at the Giza train station). Plans have been made to add new lines to include Mohandiseen and Zamalek, as well as the airport; however, little progress seems to be made on this.
Note that there are two cars of each train reserved for women, which are located in the middle section of the train. The metro stops running at approximately midnight and starts up again around 6AM. There are no timetables, but departures are very frequent. The metro is better to use if you wish to avoid traffic jam. It is secure, costs one pound one trip and has a clear European navigation system. See the Cairo Metro’s website for more info: www.cairometro.gov.eg